The hemocytometer is of one piece construction, ensuring long term durability and accuracy. An H-shaped moat forms two counting areas, or plateaus. Dark Line: Light background with dark lines. A “V” slash at the loading side of each plateau facilitates charing and reduces the possibility of overflow into the moat. Each plateau features enhanced Neubauer rulings. The ruled surface is 0.1mm below the cover glass, limiting the volume of blood or fluid over a square mm at 0.1cu.mm and over each of 400 squares (within the central square mm) to 0.00025 cu. mm. Contact of the flat, polished cover glass surfaces with cover glass supports produces an exact volume of fluid over the counting area. The difference in surface tension characteristics between the metallic surface on the chamber and the polished cover glass assures smooth capillarity for precise loading and more even cell distribution.